Saturday, October 31, 2009
Wednesday, October 28, 2009
Tuesday, October 27, 2009
Miami-Dade prosecutor charged with punching pizza delivery woman
On the third floor of the Miami Prosecutor's office, outside the offices of three administrators to State Attorney Katherine Fernandez-Rundle is a trial board. The trial board lists those assistant prosecutors who are currently in trial and the charges in their trial cases. It's supposed to be a sort of advertisement for the good crime-fighting work that the office does for the taxpayers.
The trial board also advertises the above newspaper headline.
One of Katherine Fernandez-Rundle's own prosecutors arrested, again. In the past few years one of Rundle's prosecutors was arrested for DUI and causing serious bodily injury to two people. Another was arrested for purchasing marijuana--from an undercover police officer. A third was arrested for possession of a party drug in a nightclub. A fourth was found to have marijuana in her blood after her accidental death.
The drug incidents caused a mini-scandal. Estimates were that 30%-40% of prosecutors in Rundle's office would test positive if they were tested. Some prosecutors voluntarily submitted to drug tests. And asked Rundle to require them of all. Rundle refused, fearful that the estimates might prove accurate, or low.
It is willful blindness. Rundle's office has been in the news for creating crime, not preventing it. The taxpayers of Miami-Dade County deserve better.
This is Public Occurrences.
Above, Rundle and her pet, "The First Laddie."
Monday, October 26, 2009
New England Conference of the
Association for Asian Studies
October 3, 2009
MARGINAL ON THE MARGINS: AN EXPLORATION OF WOMEN AND
REPRESENTATION IN CHINA'S INDEPENDENT DOCUMENTARY CINEMA
Tuesday, October 20, 2009
What brought me to that hotel room in Providence, Rhode Island and to contrast--unable to do anything but contrast--the Olympic opening ceremonies in Barcelona, Spain, Western Europe and Beijing, China, Eastern Asia, was an Eastern Asian, Chinese, Beijinger named Song Binbin.
Monday, October 19, 2009
Sunday, October 18, 2009
Saturday, October 17, 2009
Tuesday, October 13, 2009
Monday, October 12, 2009
Sunday, October 11, 2009
Saturday, October 10, 2009
Yesterday’s article on the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to President Obama was written hastily in response to the announcement. Too hastily for accuracy.
First, after quickly consulting an Associated Press link that gave all appearances of being a comprehensive list of all peace laureates and that began with the 1980 award I erroneously concluded, and wrote that the peace prize was of recent birth and should have been extinguished in utero. Subsequently however I read elsewhere that Theodore Roosevelt had been a recipient, thus dating it to no later than President Roosevelt’s first term in 1932. I corrected the article. Swine A.P.
Also, I believed that a king bestowed Nobel Prizes and after quickly consulting Wikipedia I wrote that it was the King of Sweden and that President Obama would have to bow before that monarch who would drape the medal around his neck. After posting the article I was nagged by doubts that
Finally, I was unsure about the technicalities in the relation of all the countries and cities that have intruded unwanted upon thought two Friday’s in succession:
Friday, October 09, 2009
"gasps of astonishment."
Thursday, October 08, 2009
( Part IV)
Question: How old are you?
Zhao’s granddaughter: Eight and a half.
Question: Eight and a half. Were you told the stories of your grandfather in his past?
Zhao’s granddaughter: I know just a bit part.
Question: Which is the bit part?
Zhao’s granddaughter: It is of my grandpa’s being attacked and locked up.
Zhao Fuyun: It was because that she sometimes listened to and remembered what she heard, just fragmented, not a whole.
Jin Yamei: A militia’s key dropped to the manure pit at the back, later a man named Zhao was told to jump into the pit
to help him look for the key and get it out.
Zhao’s granddaughter: How could the then persons have tortured people like my grandpa? Anyway they are all human being.
Zhao’s wife: They made him Labor outdoors, he (Zhao) said, when unable to bear the torture, he simply wished to kill two of them, worthy of dying ( I one, but they two) he kept thinking that way.
Jin Yamei: Zhao Fuyun was shut there. And she (Zhao’s wife) had to take care of two small children, often left them by themselves, she had to carry water and go to work in the field. With the youngest child on her back in cloth, she went for meals…Oh, the days were really….They were indeed strong back-boned, so strong a character she had so that she could have endured the hardships.
Zhao’s wife: Just for his case. One day taking the advantage of bringing meal to him, I put in the soup a slip of paper wrapped in plastic. I tied it with thread and put it in the rice along with soup, all made the night before. On the paper I wrote with very pointed pencil: “Do hold on. When you despair, just think of your children and your wife.” I simply wrote those words.
Li Zeheng: This was the warehouse the door of which was opened at struggle meetings. All the rightists, discharged prisoners and school leavers were all gathered there sitting for criticism and struggle. The slogans in the warehouse were written by me---Great Criticism of Revisionism--- we were beaten in the room without the right to defend ourselves, just let them beat us at their will. In those days our vitality was pretty great and, without notice, we got recovered.
Xu Hongkang: I often said to my wife: “Do not fear, you see the sun everyday and this is the hope, sooner or later it will prove if on earth we are bad elements…” So that was the way I persuaded my wife and encouraged her to live on.
Wu Guiying: At that time we had little ability to distinguish, it was only through the long-time labor we gradually found that those people (rightists) seemed to be literate, and did not look like so bad as the leaders said.
Jin Yamei: During the time that we were the most pessimistic and the most homesick, the rightists would come to comfort us, but sometimes they had some worry that the company leaders would know about it and say that they corroded the school leavers, they feared that label.
Wu Guiying: They indeed, in a bad-sounding word as he said, looked like draught animals able to speak, but never did they get any chance to speak.
Jin Yamei: Once I joined in the investigation of the rightists’ cases and found they were so wronged. Some of them were labeled rightists just because of saying a few words. At an earlier time, we read that the above encouraged them to speak, thus, someone mentioned that laymen should not lead experts, just for those words he was later attacked as a rightist.
(singing) Army flag fluttering in the wind, fighting song being loud and clear, revolutionary fighters have high moral.
In the direction of Mao Zedong thought, we are path breakers in “Criticism of Lin Biao and Confucius, with one hand holding a pen, another holding a gun. (Lin B. was vice Party Chairman before Sept. 13 Event)
Wang Zuomin: After Sept. 13th Event, Lin Biao Event, was revealed, all the people changed, having seen through everything. So there was peaceful coexistence among rightists----Oh, sham!(everything we were told by the above was false)
Zhao Hanke: The Cultural Revolution struck us awaken.
Wang Zuomin: In Sept. of 1974, production and construction corps revoked and it again was resumed to farm, still a farm belonging to the local wasteland reclaiming system.
Wu Guiying: In 1975 and 1976 the political atmosphere became less serious, a bit relaxed. (1/8, Sat.)
Zhang Haibo: Not long after Deng Xiaoping came back to political life, some of his policies got criticized again. During the great criticism of him, we felt that his policies were just what we longed for.
Zhao Hanke: To put it in a plain way, if the ‘god’(referring to Mao) did not go up to heaven, we could not get out of hell.
Li Zeheng: In 1977 Mao was already dead, Hua Guofeng succeeded him as the top leader.
Jin Yamei: With the turn in the two-line struggle, we were attacked as the like of the ‘Gang of Four’(Mao’s widow Jiang Qing and three other high officials) and thus were locked up here. At that time two girls watched me, following me everywhere: to toilet and to dinning room, without any minute break.
Jin Yamei: Three months. In the three months I sat there, calmly reviewing my past life.
( explanation in the documentary) On May 10th of 1978, an article was published on the ‘Trends in Theory’, a magazine run by the Central Committee of CCP School. On 11th, the article was published on Guangming Daily in the name of a specially-invited commentator. That article totally negated the “two so long” and hence it aroused throughout the country a hot discussion about the criterion of truth. That hot discussion promoted a nation-wide ideological emancipation, which prepared the condition of ideology for the opening of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of CCP. In 1978, the Central Committee of CCP approved removing the political label for all rightists.
[Note: the “two so long”]---we must do everything so long as it was said by Chairman Mao and we should not change anything so long as it was decided by Chairman Mao. That “two so long” was proposed by Hua Guofeng, Mao-decided successor after his death, and Wang Dongxing, one of the ultra-Left top officials)
Wang Zuomin: On May 4th of 1978, on some document of the Central Committee of CCP there was issue that the Party approves of removing all the labels put on rightists, rich farmers, landlords and bad elements. Zhao Hanke and I got our label cast off at that time.
( explanation in the documentary) From Dec. 18th to 22nd, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of CCP was held in Beijing. That session broke off the grave fettering from the long-time Left deviation, made a strategic decision to reform and open to the outside world. The session decided to stop using the slogan “ keep class struggle as the key link” (Mao’s directive). After that session, from the center to the localities, they all quickened the step in redressing mishandled cases and grievances on the principle of ‘seeking truth from the facts and correcting all errors’
（胡耀邦 中共中央党校副校长 中央组织部部长）
(Hu Yaobang Deputy president of the Central Committee of CCP School)
Wang zuomin: But, since Chairman Mao once said: Rightists get rehabilitated only after being screened. From 1978-1979 handling rightists was neither screening nor redressing but reexamining/checking. Through the checking, most of them were wronged, so they got the correction, which was not called rehabilitation. Then, after 21 years till the beginning of 1977, all the rightists began to leave the farm in January. I myself left the farm on Jan. 20th.
Wu Deben: We left the farm in 1978 when we had already reaped over 2,500,000, close to 3,000,000 kilograms of rice.
Wang zuomin: After checking the real rightists were actually totally wronged. It was a historical joke, quite big a joke.
( Document of Yunnan Provincial Party Committee: Notice of Redressing the Wrong Case <<>>) (2/8, Sun.)
张 路： 省委组织部我不回去啦。那是一个整人的窝。每一次运动来就是整人，我不敢回去啦。我到检查院。
Zhang Lu: I would not return to the organizational department of provincial Party committee which was a lair/den of attacking people. In each movement their task was attacking people, so I dared not get back and turned to procuratorate.
Jin Yamei: And we school leavers also felt happy for them, anyway, their wronged cases got redressed in their life.
Sun Zichuan: People said we all caught cancer, one was ‘cadre’(liver) cancer, one ‘head’ (bowels) cancer.
[Note: the two words in quotation marks are homonymic in Chinese]
Jin Yamei: So much injustice they suffered, and now with an unexpected rehabilitation they could hardly express their feelings in words. Some of them drank and some had get-together. (for celebration)
Sun zichuan: Isn’t the twenty-one years quite long? We had just endured, without any cent paid.
Hu Tongzeng: While we began to leave the farm there were quite many so-called activists who were very dissatisfied with our rehabilitation and reinstatement.
Zhao Hanke: Previously we proposed building a tablet for the dead, but did not think of what kind of tablet.( wasteland reclaimation)
Liu Jiaqiang: I grew up in the farm, in fact, grew up among those people (victims), under their education, so I wanted to set up a table for those old people.
Hu Tongzeng: Zhao Hanke made contribution in building the table of reclaiming wasteland. Why? In the farm a deep-water well was discovered and the water was top-classed mineral water.
刘加强：我1990年任党委书记和场长， 我就着手这个纪念碑的设想，作为这个拓荒碑的设计呢，一个是要缅怀和追悼倒在这块土地上的人，被打死 被斗死的这两百人，
Liu Jiaqiang: In 1990 at the post of secretary of the Party committee and the farm head, I set about thinking of the tablet. As for its design, on one hand we must cherish the memory of and mourn the two hundred people who fell on that land, beaten and struggled to death.
Hu Tongzeng: Wishing to develop the mineral water, they asked Zhao Hanke to attract business and draw funds for them. Zhao was accountant for a tobacco company and knew relatively many capitalists, so he got busy about fund raising.
Zhao Hanke: At the beginning people gave many opinions: was it permitted to build a tablet? Permitted?
Liu Jiaqiang: At that time I had pressure. As a secretary of the Party committee, I should be responsible for the Party’s history. That tablet must be approved by those writing the history of the Party, by the old comrades, including the ‘Left’ and also by the rebels (of the C.R). So, I chose a neuter word, reclamation of wasteland. (2/8, Sun.)
Wang Zuomin: Why we went down (to the farm) was not to reclaim wasteland, but to make a breakthrough in the thinking of wasteland reclamation.
Liu Jiaqiang: Since our Party has never reversed a verdict in the issue of rightists, merely admitted scope-broadening.
Wang Zuomin: Look what the magazine <> said about Dongfeng Farm: For twenty-two years since 1958, they have kept class struggle as the key link, kept grain as the dominant crops, and put multiple management into practice. We were the result of class struggle, no class struggle, no we, and to reclaim wasteland was production activity.
Liu Jiaqiang: Statues of school leavers should be in the front of the façade for they are the simplest, and actually they are also victims in history. On the back sculpture are the scientists, old professors who were wrongly labeled rightists. This statue portraits a great number of fresh college graduates who were labeled rightists just as they left school and stayed in the farm for twenty-one years. High school leavers stayed in the farm for ten years. All those people formed a spirit. And that spirit is also our Chinese nation’s spirit of industriousness, tolerance and endurance.
Wang Zuomin: What we want is not this kind of monument,but the hope that our people really draw a lesson of the anti-rightists movement in 1957 and sincerely implement freedom of speech in our constitution, no prisoner of thought and no prisoner of speech.
（奥运会解说）： 绚丽的烟火，绽放出古老的中国最灿烂的表情，这份喜悦属于奥运的北京。此刻我们看到了现代字体的和，一个和字，荏苒千年，发展变化。表达了孙子人文理念和为贵，彰显出中华民族和谐观, 历史悠久, 传统优良。
(Caption of the Olympics) Gorgeous fireworks burst the most splendid expression of ancient China, this joy belongs to Beijing in Olympics. Right now we see the modern form of Chinese character ‘Harmony’. This word has elapsed quickly thousand of years, developed and changed. It expresses Sunzi’s (Chinese philosopher) logic of human studies ‘harmony is valuable’ and obviously shows the Chinese nation’s view of harmony, long history and fine traditions.
Sun Zichuan: If, according to the harmonious society we are talking about today, the Central Committee of the Party should handle from harmony, they would give us some harmonious compensation.
Hu Tongzeng: A person named Yuan Jialiang, should have said to me openly: “You want to leave the farm? No such a good thing! Do not dream. If someday you could really leave the farm, I would fry eggs in my palm to see you off.” That is his original words which many people have heard.
Caption of the Olympics) In the center of type case there appears a character ‘harmony’ in ancient scrip of China.
Sun Zichuan: Now it is not merely I myself, but over one million family members connected with ( the rightists) have complaint.
Xie Chuanbao: It was Feb.2nd of 1979 that the county Party committee sent for a car to drive me to Mengzi. Asked for my will, I expressed the wish to work in educational circles and they allocated me to a teachers’ vocational study school. And my Party membership was reinstated.
Sun Zichuan: I have been baffled since the beginning of the anti-rightists movement.
Xie Chuanbao: The Party organization still recognized me as a communist.
Sun Zichuan: At the time to redress my case, file opened, there was nothing written in it.
Xie Chuanbao: With my Party membership reinstated, I paid a 21-year overdue party membership dues.
Sun Zichuan: Above 95% of rightists got a divorce but my wife expected me for twenty-one years, miserably, firmly and unshakably.
Xie Chuanbao: The committee member in charge of organizational work Yuan Weixiang did not accept my money, saying: “We are reluctant to take your party membership dues.” Once and again he showed that he dared not accept the money. I said: “ Do not worry, you just take it, for this is token of my regard .”
Question: For what?
Xie Chuanbao: Then I thought: since you redressed my case, I believed that in the past twenty-one years I still lived normally with the party’s inculcation though it was a bit ultra-Left, its means was a bit too dirty, anyway, I still spent my time in its warm embrace. Though they played prank/mischief, beat me, bound me, hanged me, I still believed in communism. I said that sooner or later this party’s intrinsic quality would return to normal. Our Party has always been teaching us to correct any mistakes, to practice criticism and self-criticism. One should introspect his own mistakes and correct them bravely. The Party has initiated that. So I had been sure that such a big party, for such a serious thing (rightists), there would be a time for it to correct its own mistakes. I still have faith.
According to official sources:
There are 552,877 people in the country that were labeled rightists
According to the secret-revealed dossier of the Central Committee of the Party:
There are altogether 3,178,470 people were labeled rightists
Another 1,437,562 people were labeled middle-rightists
(quoted from Guo Daohui’s article on <mn>>, Feb. 2009)
<’s Original Intention to Mobilize the Rectification Movement>>
The maker of this documentary has no way to count how many farms there were
throughout country for rightists to remold their ideology
Formal Gratitude t
those who made efforts in keeping memory for Dongfeng Farm
to walk out of the shade of history
Formal Gratitude to
the friends and websites that provide musical pictures and written data
导演 摄影 编辑 胡杰
Director/ Photographer/ Editor: Hu Jie
Making October of 2008-May of 2009 (3/8, Mon)
Wednesday, October 07, 2009
( Part III )
Subtitle: May 7 Cadre School & School Graduates/leavers
(Note: “May 7” : named after Mao’s Directive of 1966, he gave it on May 7th of 1966)
Wang Zuomin: After the start of the Cultural Revolution, to meet the needs of struggle-criticism-transformation (important tasks of the C.R.), provincial bodies of Yunnan established their first May 7 cadre school in Dongfeng Farm.
May 7 fighter: In Nov. of 1968, bodies of provincial Party committee organized a procession of a thousand people to arrive at Dongfeng Farm in vehicles.
(Note: in those years all people in the cadre schools were usually called May 7 fighters, though they were not in the army)
May 7 fighter: Then here it was called The First May 7 Cadre School of Yunnan Province.
(Song) ‘It is a good way to run a study class, many problems can be solved in it.’ (Mao’s words in C.R.)
Liu Jiaqiang: At that time secretary general of the provincial government was transferred here, May 7 cadre school!
May 7 fighter: May 7 Road, go on that road.
Liu Jiaqiang: Having been transferred there, those cadres were forced to do labor, some with serious problems were
Wang Zuomin: The then deputy secretary of the provincial Party committee Gao Zhiguo was locked up in the storehouse
of the farm, together with those targets of criticism and struggle.
May 7 fighter: Cadre schools were divided into company, platoon and team/class.
May 7 fighter: All the caught capitalist-roaders (people in power taking capitalist road), traitors, spies, counter-
revolutionaries---the fabricated offenders, were sent to the farm for struggle-criticism-transformation.
Liu Jiaqiang: Every evening was for criticism-struggle meeting, the offenders stood in line.
Wang Zuomin: They were also criticized, struggled and paraded through streets. We saw them when
they were paraded. For instance, the well-known writer Zhao Jikang, screenwriter of
<<>> , was tied with a plate on his neck.
May 7 fighter: Tied with a big plate, noted differently according to what you were: capitalist-roader, traitor, etc.
However big a plate, it was just tied with a wire on the victim’s neck. We all did such things.
Li Zeheng: Together with Zhao Jikang, the screenwriter of <>, I was also paraded through streets,
but ours was not a real street, just the farm headquarters. It was two kilos’ parading fromChangtangzi to the headquarters. Having no gong, we had to strike brass basin in the parade saying that we were monsters and demons, all kinds of anti-Party and socialism class enemies, cursing ourselves. If your voice was low, the feet would strike you from behind. So, to lessen the physical pain, you had to shout loud.
May 7 fighter: In the period of struggle-criticism-transformation, three leading cadres were driven there, among them one was Wang Dian, minister of Publicity Ministry, another was vice-president of Party school Liang Weizhou.
May 7 fighter: All the way they were struggled and beaten, beaten dead alive, simply beaten dead alive.
May 7 fighter: Which person did not want to show how revolutionary he/she was (in the beating)?
May 7 fighter: They were beaten dead just in the Dongfeng Farm.
Zhao Hanke: There was no policy in mass-dictatorship.
May 7 fighter: In that period when we saw rightists, they dared not raise head to look at us. Among them two were my old
colleagues. I said : “I looked for you everywhere but why no see?” Later, going to the farm fair, she said: “when seeing you from distance, I hid myself far. How dared we look at you? What kind of people we were in your eyes!”
Hu Jie asked: When you saw May 7 fighters, did they greet you?
Wang Zuomin: No, none of them did. At that time relationship between people was quite tense and who would have
wished for trouble? Usually, we rightists seldom talked to each other, only those familiar living in the same
room did a bit talking, but did not talk to those of other teams. (23/7, Thur.)
冯永琪：早上先唱大海航行靠舵手，唱完后就是早请示，他们是跪着，而且有些人还要叫他们披上麻布，他们怎么能够像我们站着早请示晚汇报，跪一排啊 ！我们连队就和他们右派连队隔的不远啊。就东风农场那个地方，有上千的干部是五七战士，还有这么多的右派啊。早上请示他们得跪着请示，晚上的汇报跪着汇报。还有经常听到打的啊啊的叫喊哭。那时候最喜欢对右派采取的比如：你打了牛了，这就是右派阶级斗争的新动向。你发明个打牛，在牛身上出气是吗？！发泄你的仇恨, 你的不满。明天又是哪的花生被偷了一点，他们太惨了，挖点花生吃，也是阶级斗争新动向。谁偷的，谁就被吊着斗。其余所有的人都上来批啊打啊，
Feng Yongqi: In the morning was the song (referring to Mao), after that was ‘morning for instruction’ (studying the teaching in Mao’s works). They (the victims) did that kneeling and some people ordered them to put on sackcloth. How could they do the ‘morning for instruction’ and ‘evening report (usually criticizing oneself to Mao’s portrait) in standing way like us? A line of them kneeling! Our company was not far from that of rightists. Just in the place of the farm, about thousand of cadres were May 7 fighters, along with so many rightists. While kneeling for ‘morning instruction’ and ‘evening report’ they were often heard crying from the beating. The most usual way to treat the rightists was: when they hit a cattle, it was thought of new trends of class struggle----you create a way to vent your anger on cattle, vent your hostility, your dissatisfaction----.
And the next day some peanuts were found stolen…they were so miserable. To get a few peanuts to eat
was considered new movement of class struggle. He who stole peanuts was to be struggled by hanging, while all the rest went up to criticize and beat him.
Xie Chuanbao: We were production supervisor with plate tied on our neck.
Wang Yuanqing: Everyday I carried a big plate on neck with the words---stubborn-to-death rightist.
May 7 fighter: The whole cadre school was like that, just with an occasional evening party, everlasting typical operas,
other songs nobody dared sing.
Hu Tongzeng: What kind of people were lashed the most? Among us fellow sufferers, it was those whose labels of rightist
were cast off in early stage.
Xie Chuanbao: They had a bit unbridled behavior thinking that with the label removed/cast off, they were already among the
people, not enemies.
Hu Tongzeng: They thought that they could get a complete redress/rehabilitation.
Xie Chuanbao: With troops getting to the farm, they were administered by the army men.
Wang Zuomin: Lin Biao (Vice Party Chairman during the C.R.) advanced preparation for war, probably it was the need of Lin’s instruction, the state-run farms in agricultural reclamation field got reorganized to military reclamation
i.e. Production and Construction Corps of PLAC (People’s Liberation Army of China) Dongfeng Farm in Mile county was reorganized to Yunnan Production and Construction Corps, 17th regiment of 4th division in March of 1970. The former farm headquarters changed to regiment’s and the original production team became company and the former production team head became company commander, the former agricultural workers became fighters. But, what did those become whose rightist labels were removed? They became staff and workers while those with labels became non-permanent staff. Non-permanent, but they had to work.
May 7 fighter: The ‘struggle-criticism-transformation’ went on for over two years.
Wu Deben: Around over one or two years, school graduates were transferred there. (24/7, Fr.)
(Shanghai Singing) We come from all corners of the land, for a common revolutionary objective we’ve come together.
Ji Zhigang: (school leaver from Shanghai) In those years, we fresh school graduates had to go that way, to receive reeducation from the poor and lower-middle peasants. It was impossible to refuse since in Shanghai there were many work teams that came to your house for ideological persuasion with drums and gongs.
Liu Jiaqiang: School leavers came mainly from Shanghai, Chongqing, Chengdu, Kunming, Beijing, 1,500 people.
Zhao Hanke: The school leavers stayed with us for 10 years, they came in 1970.
Liu Jiaqiang: It was understandable that the school graduates were got there to receive reeducation since the farm itself was
a unit for thought reform.
Jin Yamei : (school leaver from Shanghai) While the steam whistle rang, our feelings for leaving home…oh, quite sad, we
shed tears. We got to Kunmin by train in two nights and three days.
Headmaster Yang: With the school leavers coming, it was much more exciting. And they vented their anger on the rightists,
the local rich farmers and the landlords.
Jin Yamei: Many new houses were built in the farm specially for us school leavers, so we lived relatively closer, all in
the new houses. (25/7, Sat.)
Zhao Hanke: Those who came were production and construction corps made up of school leavers, but the political cadres having come to the company were all servicemen. -----------------
Jin Yamei: Due to the educational atmosphere in the farm, we school leavers were often told how bad they (rightists) were, that kind of teaching the farm gave us was quite much.
Liu Jiaqiang: Many school leavers wrote a letter in their own blood for the reeducation from the poor and lower-middle peasants and the oath we wrote to strike root all their life in the countryside was one after another.
Wu Deben: During the Cultural Revolution the rightists were taken as one of the five kinds of people: landlords, rich farmers, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements, and rightists. Those five kinds of people were the target of class struggle.
Jin Yamei: Then, after learning about those things, such a concept was quite clear in our mind.
Wu Deben: To grasp revolution was to promote production, but how to do it?
Jin Yamei: Before each spring plowing, we had to keep class struggle as the key link and got a few typical rightists
for criticism and struggle.
Wu Deben: It was necessary to catch some landlords, rich farmers, counter-revolutionaries, bad elements and
rightists for struggle.
Jin Yamei: With the class struggle as the key link, your spring plowing could be done well, if not, out of the question.
Wu Deben: After struggle it was to promote production, to have production stired.
Jin Yamei: It was such a situation then, such a background. It was the same with our company, with the whole farm
that several struggle meetings were needed for spring plowing.
Sun Zichuan: The second battalion would start a struggle meeting.
Jin Yamei: Those rightists were used to it that by spring lowing a few rightists would be dragged there for struggle.
Sun Zichuan: Hearing the order “Bind him”, the two school leavers did not move. So the man who ordered approached in
person and tied me up. After being tied up, I said: “your action is against the policy.” At this, he went up again and clapped me a few times, saying: “ What policy, what policy?!”
Jin Yamei: Whenever you did whatever wrong thing, he would take that as the reason for you to be struggled at a meeting.
Sun Zichuan: When sent to the second battalion, we saw seven or eight people in a line, all rightists. At this, a school leaver from Chongqing (Sichuan province) went up. I still remember his name, Bai Zhanhua.
Wang Zuomin: When thinking any words you said wrong, he would criticize you saying: “ Our great leader Chairman Mao
teaches us: all the counter-revolutionaries, all poison weeds must be criticized.
Jin Yamei: Every company were sitting there row after row with a desk in the front. When it was his turn, the rightist
had to stand on the desk, head lowering, and sometimes with two people escorting. (27/7, Mon.)
Wang Zuomin: “Revolution is no invitation to dinner…” he read aloud that paragraph (in the quotation of Mao’s works)
With this, he had the right to struggle against you, beat you. “ Kneel down!”
Sun Zichuan: They went up to clap you, one after another, from the first to the last person, then gave you a kick, that was
the class struggle.
Jin Yamei: We school leavers had relatively high political treatment, but the atmosphere gave us a sense of terror.
Wu Deben: He said: “ I will give you a lesson today.”
Jin Yamei: We did not call it white terror but always thought you had to do it anyway.
Wu Deben: “You do not yet understand the rightists’ mistakes, so I must give you a lesson.”
Jin Yamei: You were in the farm, in that situation, you had to do though you did not want to. There was so much land
in the company, seedlings had to be transplanted. They always had some way to have it done.
Wu Deben: Since I was tied, he gave me a punch on my back, which sent me fall.
Jin Yamei: We had more than 2,000 rice/paddy fields in our company. Spring plowing season was very short, so we had to
fight bravely for a month so as to by all means transplant all seedlings.
Wu Deben: I fell down to the edge of his desk, which made my three teeth drop.
Jin Yamei: In the whole period of spring plowing we school leavers went through great hardships which we had never
had in the past.
Wu Deben: The blood gushed out to all over my coat and mouth.
Jin Yamei: It was “go all out in the red May”, the whole company was aroused high and low.
Wu Deben: Not yet satisfied, he grasped my hair and made me kneel on the ground a few times running, a tuft of my hair
Jin Yamei: Besides the gathering for making oath, mobilizing and criticizing-struggling, all the victims were mustered
from every corner.
Wu Deben: He said: “ Let him go” and the two hatchet men did so. After that he said: “ Go back for a good introspection
and write it on paper.
Jin Yamei: On the other hand, we school leavers were educated through the admission of the Party and the Youth
League which we called joining the Party and the Youth league at the battlefront, more education from that.
Wu Deben: In Dongfeng Farm, people with similar events like mine were quite many.
Xu Hongkang: (school leaver from Shanghai) This is the earliest picture of us, June 15, 1972, Dongfeng Farm, I was 17.
Mrs. Xu: (school leaver from Shanghai) We two often got in touch with each other, and when seen by them, we felt as if being caught like thieves, serious problem. We became known and dated. We were often together, and he (a leader) said that we acted recklessly in man-woman relationship/sex, thus, a label of bad elements was put on us.
Jin Yamei: Apart from labor, there was evening political study---study of the quotation of Mao’s works and something
Xu Hongkang: (school leaver from Shanghai) Where is CP’ s great ability shown? Actually, just a little, I wonder if rightists
have told you about it, for example, when you have no cap, they put one on you, if you have no horn, they give you one, seeing you have no tail on buttocks, they fix one for you, just attack you this way.
Mrs. Xu: I also had the time being tied and beaten by them, locked in the storehouse, storehouse of grain.
Jin Yamei: School leavers were attacked severely as well.
Xu Hongkang: In the then situation, in fear of being unable to return to Shanghai, we dared not get married formally, so we merely lived together/cohabited, but they did not accept that and blamed us for reckless action in sex.
Jin Yamei: The man in charge of defense beat the school leavers so bad that it made them confess to false charges under torture. You had to confess, otherwise they would go on beating.
Mrs. Xu: It was all the army men, company commanders or the like. All the bad things were done and directed by the army men/servicemen, they directed the fellow villagers to do.
Xu hongkang: On Dec.29, 1972, in the whole Dongfeng Farm there was a announcing-judgment gathering on which my wife and I were charged with, firstly, reckless action in sex, secondly, theft.
Jin Yamei: While having a rest after a meal, we walked past a meeting room and there we saw a school leaver tied up to
roof beam down-headed, his name was Xu Hongkang.
季志刚：（上海知青 ）你知道五花大绑是怎么绑的，拿着一个绳子往肩膀上一搭，然后把绳子绕起来，绕起来，不是和电视上演的一样吗? 然后绳子一收。
Ji Zhigang: (school leaver from Shanghai) “Do you know how to do wuhuadabang? It is placing a rope on the victim’s shoulder, then coiling the rope up and up around the body and finally drawing the rope in.
Xu Hongkang: It is simple just to tie you that way, no need to beat you, but can you bear it? I tell you, if bound tight, in half
an hour, you will lose consciousness.
Jin Yamei: If hanged that way on and on, he would die. After a discussion with the school leavers for a meeting, we ran to the guard platoon of the company. Having knocked the door, we said that they could handle whatever offence he had made, but should not hang him that way for it would make him die. Later, thinking of our opinion, the platoon leader told a few militias to put him down from the roof beam.
Xu Hongkang: Look at my hand, it was bound by the rope and that guy was guarding me.
JI Zhigang: I watched him with a gun.
Xu Hongkang: Look at my hands, one thick and one thin.
Wu Guiying: (school leaver from Chongqing, Sichuan province) First soak the coir rope in water and then use it to bind,
letting the rope dry bit by bit and the strap will grow tighter and tighter.
Xu Hongkang: Bound there for fifteen days on end, no sleep, I stood all day long.
Jin Yamei: When placed down, he could not get his hands normal, still at the back. Later he was given a little water to drink
but the bowl was sort of broken.
Xu Hongkang: Wang Zemin in our company was an old rightist majoring in medicine in the army. Later I got well after he gave me an injection and medicine.
Jin Yamei: Anyway, there was still a bit water in the sort of broken bowl, but he could not reach for it with hands. Tied up for so long, very thirsty, he put his head into the half-broken bowl for drinking. We saw that so sad, he did not look like a person, something like a livestock.
Xu Hongkang: When thinking back, I really (crying), I seldom shed tears, how sad I was when I reviewed that.
Mrs. Xu: I was enclosed with pigs, a room apart, living with pigs. I had no way out either, what way could I have? I was a
‘bad element’! We two---with an embryo. It was quite risky to give birth by myself. At that time nobody
was there, and I dared not go to hospital and had no money for that. So I gave birth to the child in secret since fortunately, I happened to know the doctor of the battalion.
Mrs. Xu: Late at night he (my husband) went to knock at the doctor’s door, saying: “ Oh, doctor, sorry to bother you, but you see, my wife is to give birth soon. Please do not tell this to others…” I quietly asked him to keep silent about that.
Xu Hongkang: My pleading made the doctor quite tense. I said “by all means help us out”
Mrs. Xu: At that time we thought of giving the baby away after it was born.
Xu Hongkang; He(the doctor) was also able to deliver, so he came just at the time my wife was having her baby soon.
Mrs. Xu: As all infants will cry, I feared that time, very much. I covered it with a quit but dared not cover its head. We just covered it there, no other way. Let it be born. And later everyone got to know about that and it
spread widely that I gave birth to a baby. Yes, I did, so what?
Question: This is you, yes?
Jin Yamei: Yes.
Question: What were you pointing to? (28/7, Tue.)
Jin Yamei: Pointing to a large tract of land in our farm. From 1974 I was promoted to deputy secretary of Party committee and I remained in that position till my leaving. In that period, even if I went down to companies, I just walked on ridges, looking around. That kind of life was much easier/better. There was a militia class in every company, in every branch of the farm there was a militia company. What was it called then? It was called ‘every citizen a soldier’ . In that period the whole farm was a militia regiment.
(singing) If the army and the people are united as one, who in the world can match them?” (Mao’s words)
Sun zichuan: It was later changed to construction corps and the cadres from the corps had problems.
Mrs. Xu: The worst were the servicemen/army men.
Xu Hongkang: All the bad things were done by the army men.
Mrs. Xu: The servicemen themselves did us school leavers, making girls pregnant. He himself acted recklessly in sex and
in turn, he should have attacked you!
Sun Zichuan: Many female youngsters were raped by them.
(singing) We communists are like seeds while people are like land. When arriving somewhere, we should integrate with
the people there. (Mao’s words)
Wang Yuanqing: More school leavers from Shanghai were raped for they looked comparatively tender and lovely.
Wang Yuanqing: From secretaries to team leaders, all of them stopped at nothing in doing evil.
Jin Yamei: The only way out for us was to behave better so that the farm could permit you to leave, the only way was that. There was one in our company whose name was Zhao Fuyun, a man with large eyes. It was said then that in the toilet he used a newspaper the back of which happened to be a portrait of Chairman Mao. He was later shut up, very pitiful, beaten severely, locked in a small room. There was a special class called militia class and that class
did simply that kind of things.
Zhao Fuyun: I was locked up for a long time. Later when spring came, they proposed that I do labor and thus released me for that. The long time being locked up made my hair and beard quite long, I looked like a ghost. What happened then? They used the water in a thermos and directly poured it out on my head, so hot!
Question: Why did they pour it on your head?
Zhao Fuyun: “pour, to give you a haircut.”
Jin Yamei: He was escorted to toilet and to meals.
Zhao Fuyun: Actually I was merely not attacked to death, but they thought of every means to attack me.
Zhao’s wife: I worried that something would happen to him since he was shut in. In the movement then many people died, simply because of being unable to endure those tortures. He was suspended to the big roof beam, together with struggle meetings for him. I took care of our kids, carrying one on back and holding one with arms. My older kid was just sitting by me, in the first row, watching him hanged there on the roof beam. Some victims could not endure that, saying: “ Oh, I can not stand it, I confess (what they in fact did not do)…” But he did not yield, at the risk of his death.
Jin Yamei: He got a wife from the past school leavers.
School leaver: Ah, an old school leaver, I did not know.
Jin Yamei: Yes, she was an old school leaver.
Zhao’s wife: We got married. I just felt that he, a man from the Northeast, came from so far an area, having no one to turn to, so poor to be alone. Actually I had sort of sympathy, felt sorry for him, and, that kind of feelings…. One word, I liked him and thus got married, though all my family were against it. (29/7, Wed)